By Shamlal Mangray, Ronald A. DeLellis (auth.), Michael A. Blake, Giles Boland (eds.)
Imaging of the adrenal gland has made super development within the final decade as new applied sciences proceed to adapt. Adrenal Imaging highlights the pertinent medical and pathological details that underpins the exact interpretation and use of adrenal imaging. Written through a prestigious workforce of foreign members, person chapters in Adrenal Imaging function a correct and updated reference of adrenal imaging findings, algorithms and methods in CT, MR nuclear medication, intervention, and trauma. precis sections on the finish of every bankruptcy remove darkness from key instructing issues to augment retention.
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Additional resources for Adrenal Imaging
Connective Tissue Tumors A variety of mesenchymal tumors may arise within the adrenal, including hemangiomas, lipomas, leiomyomas, osteomas, neurofibromas, and neurilemomas [7, 10]. Among the benign tumors, cavernous hemangiomas are the most common and are detected as incidental findings at surgery or autopsy. Most hemangiomas are solitary lesions involving a single adrenal. These lesions should be distinguished from adrenal cortical adenomas with degenerative changes and secondary vascular proliferation.
Metabolic Disorders Storage Diseases Adrenoleukodystrophy (Addison-Schilder’s disease) is a rare, X-linked recessive disorder characterized by progressive demyelination of the central and peripheral nervous systems and by adrenal cortical insufficiency [12, 17]. The disorder is caused by mutations of the gene on chromosome Xq28 encoding an ATP-binding transporter ALDP-adrenoleukodystrophy protein (ALDP) that is localized in the peroxisomal membrane. A variety of mutations resulting in the defective oxidation of very long fatty acids have been identified .
The high rate of bilaterality and multicentricity suggests that many of these cases may represent unrecognized examples of familial pheochromocytomas. Composite pheochromocytomas or compound tumors of the adrenal medulla are complex neoplasms containing pheochromocytoma together with foci of neuroblastoma, ganglioneuroblastoma, ganglioneuroma, or malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor . Composite pheochromocytomas are rare tumors that comprise less than 3% of sympathoadrenal pheochromocytomas.