By Nick Syred, Artem Khalatov
The NATO ARW complicated Combustion and Aerothermal applied sciences: Environmental safeguard and pollutants mark downs, was once held in Kiev, might 2006. The workshop used to be Co-Directed via Profs. N. Syred and A.Khalatov, winners of the NATO medical Prize 2002, and used to be equipped by way of the Institute of Thermophysics (Ukraine) and Cardiff collage, united kingdom. the first Workshop pursuits have been to evaluate the prevailing wisdom on complicated combustion and aerothermal applied sciences delivering decreased environmental effect, to spot instructions for destiny examine within the box, and to advertise the shut relationships and company contacts among scientists from NATO and companion nations.
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Extra info for Advanced Combustion and Aerothermal Technologies: Environmental Protection and Pollution Reductions
An alternative way of reducing the SPC is based on the application of the plasma-autothermal principle of solid fuel gasification in a two-stage gasifier. During the first gasification stage, 30% of the fuel is utilized under air plasma conditions and the following combustion of the gasification products to CO2 is realized, with the evolution of 33,173 kJ/kg of carbon. This heat, together with heat of the electrical arc is enough to compensate for the endothermic effect (10,875 kJ/kg of carbon) of the water gas reaction (H2O + C = C + H2).
8%). 5% in that temperature range. At temperatures greater than 2,000 K, atomic hydrogen appears in gas phase. 2% at a temperature of 4,000 K. 5%. At temperatures greater than 3,000 K, in the gas phase hydroxyl and atomic oxygen appears. 5%. In contrast to the gasification in air medium, in the steam gasification process nitrogen oxides are not formed. Note that the concentration of syngas obtained in the process of steam gasification is significantly higher that that in the process of air gasification for the both solid fuels.
Coal is worldwide the most abundant energy resource and the ______ ∗ To whom correspondence should be addressed. kz 141 N. Syred and A. ), Advanced Combustion and Aerothermal Technologies, 141–156. © 2007 Springer. 142 V. E. MESSERLE AND A. B. USTIMENKO least expensive fossil fuel. An additional energy resource is petrocoke, derivable as a result of hydrocarbon production by the thermal processing of oil sands; for instance in Canada there are mountains of petrocoke. Petrocoke is a solid fuel consisting of fixed carbon, tar and ash.