By Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes
Membrane fabrics enable for the selective separation of gasoline and vapour and for ion delivery. fabrics examine and improvement maintains to force advancements within the layout, manufacture and integration of membrane applied sciences as serious elements in either sustainable power and fresh purposes. Membrane utilisation bargains method simplification and intensification in undefined, supplying inexpensive, and effective and trustworthy operation, and contributing in the direction of emissions discounts and effort defense. complicated membrane technology and know-how for sustainable strength and environmental functions provides a entire evaluate of membrane utilisation and integration inside power and environmental industries.
Part one introduces the subject of membrane technology and engineering, from the basics of membrane methods and separation to membrane characterization and fiscal research. half makes a speciality of membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) catch in coal and gasoline energy crops, together with pre- and post-combustion and oxygen delivery applied sciences. half 3 studies membranes for the petrochemical undefined, with chapters masking hydrocarbon gasoline, usual gasoline and synthesis fuel processing, in addition to complicated biofuels creation. half 4 covers membranes for replacement strength functions and effort garage, akin to membrane expertise for redox and lithium batteries, gasoline cells and hydrogen construction. ultimately, half 5 discusses membranes utilisation in commercial and environmental functions, together with microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and ahead osmosis, in addition to water, wastewater and nuclear energy applications.
With its special editors and staff of professional members, complicated membrane technological know-how and know-how for sustainable power and environmental functions is a vital reference for membrane and fabrics engineers and brands, in addition to researchers and lecturers drawn to this field.
- Presents a finished evaluate of membrane technological know-how and expertise, targeting advancements and purposes in sustainable strength and clean-industry
- Discusses the basics of membrane approaches and separation and membrane characterization and financial analysis
- Addresses the most important problems with membrane utilisation in coal and fuel energy crops and the petrochemical undefined, using membranes for replacement power functions and membrane utilisation in commercial and environmental applications
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Additional resources for Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications
The clays most applied in polymer clay nanocomposite materials are generally those containing clay minerals of the smectic group, especially those containing MMT, which are often employed for several innovative uses: for example, as absorbers in the retention of pollutant gases, in acid catalysis, in sensors, and as nanoﬁllers in nanocomposite preparation. 14 Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment Many researchers have investigated the effects of adding clay particles on the morphology and thermal, mechanical, and hydrophilic properties as well as on the performance of composite polymeric membranes.
00001-0 Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 4 Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment of the membrane. Methods to overcome the challenges of membrane modiﬁcation have been well established for polymeric membranes. Much research on membrane science and technology has focused on the development of new membrane preparation techniques and material. An alternate way to improve membrane performance including permeability and selectivity involves introducing second phases into the membrane matrix.
The application of additives such as synthesized hydrophilic surface modifying macromolecules (Abu Tarboush, Rana, Matsuura, Arafat, & Narbaitz, 2008; Rana, Kim, Matsuura, & Arafat, 2011) was shown to be effective in altering TFC membrane performance. Abu Tarboush et al. (2008) prepared a TFC membrane with a more hydrophilic surface by incorporating the synthesized additive hydrophilic surface modifying macromolecules (LSMM) into the active PA thin top layer. It was observed that during in situ polymerization, LSSMs could migrate toward the top airepolymer interface, rendering the membrane hydrophilic and producing a composite membrane with improved ﬂux stability over an extended operational period compared with an LSMM-free composite membrane.