By Faizal Bux, Yusuf Chisti
This ebook examines the usage of algae for the advance of worthwhile items and tactics with the emphasis in the direction of eco-friendly applied sciences and strategies, and the necessities to make those potential. Serving as a whole reference advisor to the construction of biofuels and different worth additional items from micro and macro algae, it covers quite a few elements of algal biotechnology from the fundamentals to giant scale cultivation, harvesting and processing for a number of items. it really is authored and edited by means of revered global specialists within the box of algal biotechnology and gives the hottest and leading edge details on advancements within the box. during the last decade there was sizeable concentration and similar literature at the program of algal biomass for the iteration of novel strategies and items. ‘Algae Biotechnology: items and techniques’ features a holistic method of significantly comparing advancements within the box of algal biotechnology when making an allowance for fresh advances and development at the physique of data. elements of the results of destructive algae also are mentioned, in addition to the capability advertisement program of algal biotechnology, the techno-economic feasibility of algal biodiesel creation and using genetic and metabolic engineering for the advance of yield. different bioenergy resources comparable to alcohol fuels, aviation fuels, biohydrogen and biogas also are coated. This e-book is meant for postgraduates and researchers operating within the biofuels and algal undefined; it constitutes perfect reference fabric for either early degree and tested researchers.
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Additional info for Algae Biotechnology: Products and Processes
This adversely affects productivity. In particular, poor mixing results in inadequate oxygen removal during period of rapid photosynthesis and an accumulation of dissolved oxygen to far above the air saturation concentration. Improving mixing substantially would require prohibitively high input of energy. Mixing requires energy and installation of devices to reduce the energy dissipation associated with the turnaround of flow at the ends of a raceway actually reduces mixing (Mendoza et al. 2013a; Prussi et al.
Other contamination issues include infestations of predators feeding on algae (Turner and Tester 1997; Richmond 1990); viral infections (Van Etten et al. 1991; Van Etten and Meints 1999; Wommack and Colwell 2000); and contamination by unwanted microalgae (Richmond 1990), fungi, and bacteria. The low peak alga concentration in a raceway accentuates the effects of predators and other unwanted 32 Y. Chisti microorganisms (Chisti 2012). Filtration of water may help reduce the frequency of certain types of infestations, but ﬁltration is expensive.
2013). Review of energy balance in raceway ponds for microalgae cultivation: Re-thinking a traditional system is possible. Applied Energy, 102, 101–111. Chisti, Y. (2007). Biodiesel from microalgae. Biotechnology Advances, 25, 294–306. Chisti, Y. (2012). Raceways-based production of algal crude oil. In: C. Posten & C. ), Microalgal biotechnology: Potential and production (pp. 113–146). de Gruyter, Berlin. , & Sutherland, D. (2014). High rate algal pond systems for low-energy wastewater treatment, nutrient recovery and energy production.