Download Current Issues in Spanish Syntax and Semantics by Javier Gutierrez-Rexach, Luis Silva-Villar PDF

By Javier Gutierrez-Rexach, Luis Silva-Villar

This article is a compilation of articles on diversified features of Spanish grammar within the parts of present theoretical syntax and semantics. themes lined comprise: the syntax and semantics of clitics and clitic doubling; the constitution of noun words, with specified consciousness to adjectives; the location of matters; stressful and causation. The techniques fall inside generative grammar, widely understood, with a few contributions solid within the viewpoint of the minimalist application. hence, the ebook makes an attempt to provide a balanced photograph of state-of-the-art learn in those components. Luis Silva-Villar is Assistant Professor of Hispanic Linguistics at Mesa kingdom collage, united states.

Show description

Download Frege on Definitions: A Case Study of Semantic Content by John Horty PDF

By John Horty

During this brief monograph, John Horty explores the problems provided for Gottlob Frege's semantic concept, in addition to its sleek descendents, by means of the therapy of outlined expressions. The booklet starts through targeting the mental constraints governing Frege's concept of experience, or which means, and argues that, given those constraints, even the therapy of easy stipulative definitions led Frege to special problems. Horty is ready to recommend methods out of those problems which are either philosophically and logically believable and Fregean in spirit. This dialogue is then attached to a couple of extra standard themes, corresponding to indexicality and the dialogue of options in fresh theories of brain and language. within the latter a part of the publication, after introducing an easy semantic version of senses as systems, Horty considers the issues that definitions current for Frege's concept that the experience of an expression should still reflect its grammatical constitution. The requirement will be happy, he argues, provided that outlined expressions--and incomplete expressions as well--are assigned senses in their personal, instead of taken care of contextually. He then explores a method within which those senses can be reified in the procedural version, drawing on principles from paintings within the semantics of computing device programming languages. With its mix of technical semantics and historical past of philosophy, Horty's ebook tackles many of the toughest questions within the philosophy of language. it's going to curiosity philosophers, logicians, and linguists.

Show description

Download Existence: Semantics and Syntax by Ileana Comorovski, Klaus Heusinger PDF

By Ileana Comorovski, Klaus Heusinger

This assortment is a crucial contribution to the semantic and syntactic research of the expression of lifestyles. the quantity specializes in the 3 major linguistic structures expressing life: copular clauses, existential sentences, and (in)definiteness. The papers study the interplay among the elemental inspiration of lifestyles and pervasive phenomena of usual language, reminiscent of quantification and presupposition. The contributions symbolize cutting-edge examine on theoretical and comparative concerns regarding the expression of life, and make vast connection with the semantic and syntactic evidence of English and of assorted different languages. The richness of recent information and the juxtaposition of alternative theoretical stances convey a few new questions into focus.

Show description

Download Frames of Understanding in Text and Discourse: Theoretical by Alexander Ziem PDF

By Alexander Ziem

How do phrases suggest? what's the nature of that means? How will we take hold of a word’s which means? The frame-semantic process constructed during this e-book bargains a few well-founded solutions to such long-standing, yet nonetheless debatable matters. Following Charles Fillmore’s definition of frames as either organizers of expertise and instruments for figuring out, the monograph makes an attempt to envision the most vital recommendations of Cognitive Linguistics in additional aspect. the purpose of departure is Fillmore’s perception of “frames of figuring out” – an method of (cognitive) semantics that Fillmore constructed from 1975 to 1985. The envisaged figuring out Semantics (“U-Semantics”) is a semantic idea sui generis whose value for linguistic study can't be over priced. as well as its an important function within the improvement of the theoretical foundations of U-semantics, corpus-based body semantics will be utilized fruitfully within the research of knowledge-building tactics in textual content and discourse.

Show description

Download Essays in Logical Semantics by Johan van Benthem PDF

By Johan van Benthem

Recent advancements within the semantics of usual language appear to result in a real synthesis of rules from linguistics and good judgment, generating novel techniques and questions of curiosity to either dad or mum disciplines. This ebook is a set of essays on such new themes, that have arisen during the last few years. Taking a large view, advancements in formal semantics during the last decade may be noticeable as follows. before everything stands Montague's pioneering paintings, displaying how a rigorous semantics will be given for entire fragments of normal language by means of making a appropriate healthy among syntactic different types and semantic forms. This very company already dispelled entrenched prejudices in regards to the separation of linguistics and good judgment. Having visible the sunshine, notwithstanding, there's no cause in any respect to stay to the letter of Montague's proposals, that are usually controversial. hence, then, many advancements were made upon almost each element of the company. extra refined grammars were inserted (lately, lexical-functional grammar and generalized word constitution grammar), extra delicate version buildings were constructed (lately, 'partial' instead of 'total' of their com­ position), or even the mechanism of interpretation itself might be fine-tuned extra delicately, utilizing numerous different types of 'representations' mediating among linguistic goods and semantic fact. as well as these types of refinements of the semantic structure, descriptive insurance has prolonged considerably.

Show description

Download Language and Society by M. A. K. Halliday, Jonathan J. Webster PDF

By M. A. K. Halliday, Jonathan J. Webster

An important company similar to a grand retrospective of the portray of a few well-known artist of a particular college. Roy Harris, occasions Literary complement. The 10th quantity in Professor M.A.K. Halliday's amassed works comprises papers concentrating on Language and Society. The papers offer a framework for figuring out the social which means of language, and the relation of language to different social phenomena. the amount starts off with Professor Halliday's ground-breaking paintings at the clients and makes use of of language. next chapters are equipped round a dialogue of sociolinguistic thought, and the relation among language and social category and social constitution

Show description

Download The Grammar of Meaning: Normativity and Semantic Discourse by Mark Norris Lance PDF

By Mark Norris Lance

What's the functionality of innovations bearing on which means in sociolinguistic perform? during this research, the authors argue that we will technique a passable resolution by means of displacing the normal photo of that means speak as a type of description with photo that takes heavily the similarity among which means speak and numerous kinds of normative injunction. of their dialogue of this technique, they examine the extra common query of the character of the normative, in addition to more than a few vital issues particular to the philosophy of language, together with the paintings of Quine, Sellars and Wittgenstein.

Show description

Download From Conceptual Metaphor Theory to Cognitive by Marek Kuzniak, Agnieszka Libura, Michal Szawerna PDF

By Marek Kuzniak, Agnieszka Libura, Michal Szawerna

The origins of this quantity lie within the foreign convention Cognitive Linguistics within the yr 2012, convened via the Polish Cognitive Linguistics organization. The court cases of the convention revolved round 3 significant thematic parts: metaphorical and metonymic underpinnings of which means in language and past, prototypical and sluggish phenomena concerning linguistic categorization around the lexicogrammatical continuum, and the necessity for advancing theoretical instruments. those routine subject matters are mirrored within the three-part constitution of this quantity, with contributions from approximately dozen researchers exploring a large array of linguistic in addition to non-linguistic information

Show description

Download Unruly Words: A Study of Vague Language by Diana Raffman PDF

By Diana Raffman

Obscure phrases, like "tall," "rich," and "old," lack transparent obstacles of software: no transparent line divides the tall humans from the above usual, or the previous humans from the middle-aged. simply because they lack transparent limitations, those usual phrases reason logical and semantic difficulties in a variety of disciplines together with philosophy, selection conception, and the legislation. Philosophers and linguists have proposed numerous theories of vagueness to address those problems, yet none has been extensively accepted.

Raffman contends that just about all earlier remedies of vagueness have made the most important errors: they've got meant semantic (non-epistemic) concept needs to abandon bivalence, and so they have paid inadequate consciousness to the nature of standard speech utilizing imprecise phrases. She develops a brand new conception of vagueness-the a number of diversity theory-that corrects either one of those error. the hot concept starts with the remark that normal audio system appear to practice imprecise phrases in a number of arbitrarily various yet both useful methods, even if all contextual components are held fastened. Raffman translates this option in their use as proof of a number of levels of program within the semantics of obscure phrases, the place a variety of software is various houses whose circumstances fulfill the be aware in query; for instance, more than a few program of "tall" is quite a number heights, a number "old" quite a number a long time, and so on. the basic concept is obscure note has a number of levels of program, and applies to objects relative to these levels, even given a unmarried mounted context. the truth that the levels of a imprecise notice are arbitrarily different-there isn't any cause to desire any specific one-is key to fixing the infamous sorites paradox.

The a number of variety conception preserves bivalence and is extra intuitive than different methods. it's also less complicated; for example, it has no use of a definiteness operator, and it principles out the opportunity of higher-order borderline circumstances, either one of which introduce serious problems into different debts. many of the proof Raffman attracts upon in developing her idea comes from a brand new mental examine of how traditional audio system really use imprecise phrases.

Show description