By Ronald Darby
Combining theoretical and empirical views right into a essentially equipped and entire textual content, Chemical Engineering Fluid Mechanics, moment variation discusses the valuable behavioral recommendations of fluids and the elemental equipment of study for fixing quite a few engineering events. Drawing at the author's 35 years of expertise, the publication covers the issues and issues of functionality, gear operation, and sizing and choice from the point of view of a strategy engineer-with real-world engineering difficulties. It provides over four hundred end-of-chapter difficulties and examples to augment crucial thoughts and comprises over 1100 equations, literature references, illustrations, and tables.
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Additional resources for Chemical Engineering Fluid Mechanics
The Reynolds number NRe ) and N1 ("=D) for an experimental model are identical to the values for a full-scale system, it follows that the value of N6 (the friction factor) must also be the same in the two systems. In such a case the model is said to be dynamically similar to the full-scale (ﬁeld) system, and measurements of the variables in N6 can be translated (scaled) directly from the model to the ﬁeld system. In other words, the equality between the groups N3 (NRe ) and N1 ("=D) in the model and in the ﬁeld is a necessary condition for the dynamic similarity of the two systems.
A set of x vs. y curves, each curve for a diﬀerent z). This is equivalent to the diﬀerence between one page and a book of many pages. Relating four variables would obviously require many books or volumes. Thus, reducing the number of variables from, say, four to two would dramatically simplify any problem involving these variables. , the dimensionless groups). It does not tell how these variables are related—the relationship must be determined either theoretically by application of basic scientiﬁc principles or empirically by measurements and data analysis.
Since the volumetric ﬂow rate (Q) is speciﬁed instead of the velocity (V), we can make the substitution V ¼ 4Q=D2 to Dimensional Analysis and Scale-up get the following equivalent groups: " " ¼ D m D f 4Q 4Q ¼ D m D f 2 2 ÁP D5 ÁP D5 ¼ 16LQ2 m 16LQ2 f 33 ð2-11Þ ð2-12Þ ð2-13Þ Note that all the numerical coeﬃcients cancel out. By substituting the known values for the pipeline variables into Eq. (2-12), we ﬁnd that the value of the Reynolds number for this ﬂow is 5:4 Â 104 , which is turbulent.