Download The Cambridge Companion to Spinoza (Cambridge Companions to by Don Garrett PDF

By Don Garrett

Benedict (Baruch) de Spinoza has been the most inspiring and influential philosophers of the trendy period, but additionally the most tricky and most often misunderstood. The essays during this quantity offer a transparent and systematic exegesis of Spinoza's proposal educated via the latest scholarship. They conceal his metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of technology, psychology, ethics, political concept, theology, and scriptural interpretation, in addition to his lifestyles and impact on later thinkers.

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The sequence of words in this sentence is, for the insiders, a salute to the title of Spinoza's Short Treatise on God, Man, and His Well-Being. e. 33 Elsewhere, this man is called the "eminent philosopher of our age" (Meyer 1666: 134). Meyer, who must have been very close to Spinoza and was fully trusted by him, pays great honor to his scientific companion with these words. His own scientific career was filled with philological, grammatical, and poetical studies. He composed a famous Dutch dictionary, Woordenschat, which ran into various editions; an Italian grammar; a Latin vocabulary; and many plays for the theater.

In spite of Spinoza's warning that Tschirnhaus should be reluctant in communicating what he had received for private use, we know that Tschirnhaus nonetheless revealed many secrets to the inquisitive Leibniz. This appears from a note written by Leibniz, which he must have made shortly after a meeting. I think it worthwhile to quote this note here in full because it enables us to see how Spinoza's doctrine was perceived, understood, and explained by his friends and followers in or around 1675. A second reason is that this note, which is not known by many scholars and is not yet available otherwise in English, contains several interesting points which cannot be found elsewhere, and is also for that reason relevant.

Huygens also has the book on microscopic observations, but unless I am mistaken, it is in English. He has told me wonderful things about these microscopes and also about certain Telescopes, made in Italy, with which they could observe eclipses of Jupiter caused by the interposition of its satellites, and also a certain shadow on Saturn, which looked as if it were caused by a ring. These things make me astonished at Descartes's haste. He says that the reason why the Planets next to Saturn - for he thought its projections were Planets, perhaps because he never observed them touching Saturn - do not move may be that Saturn does not rotate around its own axis.

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