Download Wind energy-- the facts: a guide to the technology, by European Wind Energy Association PDF

By European Wind Energy Association

Wind energy is frequently held up because the such a lot obtainable and price potent path to lowering our reliance on fossil fuels and bettering our power independence, but wisdom of what it deals is usually clouded by way of myths and misunderstandings, that can bog down its adoption.This new booklet, the results of an bold venture coordinated via the ecu Wind strength organization, offers the proof approximately wind strength. It contains six sections discussing: know-how; grid integration; economics of wind; and markets; environmental affects; eventualities and targets.Contributions are drawn from 9 prime examine our bodies throughout Europe, and the fabric is worldwide in its scope. it's hence a vital source and reference for these whose paintings or research calls for an in-depth exam of the topic, and for someone who wishes targeted, actual and updated info in this key strength resource.

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Extra resources for Wind energy-- the facts: a guide to the technology, economics and future of wind power

Example text

340 billion will be invested in wind energy in the In particular, the US and Chinese markets are expected EU-27 between 2008 and 2030. to expand dramatically. 7 per cent of global electricity resulting fuel and CO2 costs that are avoided by install- consumption in 2020, according to GWEC, and as ing wind power capacity.

9 Total 68,420 247 Nordic 2004 Finland 2004 UK Ireland Greennet Germany Greennet Denmark Greennet Finland Greennet Norway Greennet Sweden Source: Holttinen et al. (2007) (in operation or planning) Source: Woyte et al. (2008) costs increase on a linear basis with wind power penetration, but the absolute values are moderate and impacts, both positive and negative. Two main factors always less than €4/MWh at the 20 per cent level determine wind energy integration costs: balancing (and more often below €2/MWh).

Compared to land- suffer, but the strong political and environmental sup- based turbines, the main differences in the cost struc- port for renewable energy means that wind energy ture are related to more expensive foundations, the funding is still viewed as a very attractive option. transformer station and sea transmission cables. The cost of offshore-generated electricity ranges from PRICES AND SUPPORT MECHANISMS approximately 6–8c€/kWh, mainly due to differences in sea depth, distance from shore and investment costs.

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